Further reading

Led by Al Cheyne, University of Waterloo have conducted fascinating research into sleep paralysis and also have an excellent online resource about the phenomenon. Their bibliography is also worth a browse.

Shelly Adler’s Sleep Paralysis: Night-mares, Nocebos, and the Mind-Body Connection (Studies in Medical Anthropology) is also a must-read. 

Prof Christopher French has written some great pieces on sleep paralysis, including an overview for the Guardian and another for The Psychologist, co-written by Julia Santomauro.

Sleep Paralysis project researcher Dan Denis’ paper on his research around genetic and sleep paralysis with project consultant Christopher French: A twin and molecular genetics study of sleep paralysis and associated factors

Brian A. Sharpless and Karl Doghramji’s book Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological and Medical Perspectives includes information on treatment approaches and guidance on the use of psychopharmacology.

Ernest Jones’ 1931 text On the Nightmare is an early psychological study of sleep paralysis, and in available in its entirety for free on the Internet Archive.

Sleep paralysis can be caused or exacerbated by generally poor sleep. The NHS offer a bit of basic advice for improving your sleep habits.

Oliver Sacks’ recent book Hallucinations includes some very nice material on sleep paralysis as well as narcolepsy and hypnogogic/hypnopompic hallucination. Neuropsychologist Paul Broks’ Into The Silent Land also gives these themes an unusual, poetic slant.

The Internet Archive has link to some useful essays and explorations on sleep paralysis and associated hallucinatory experiences here.  

Ryan Hurd’s book Sleep Paralysis: A Guide to Hypnagogic Visions and Visitors of the Night gives fun techniques for coping with – and even learning to transform and enjoy – the experience.

Psychology PhD student at The University of Chester, Lorna Allix, has an online research hub about sleep paralysis.